A disease in which the body’s ability to produce or respond to the hormone insulin is impaired, resulting in abnormal metabolism of carbohydrates and elevated levels of glucose in the blood.

Common Types of Diabetes Mellitus

  • Type I: A chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin.
  • Type II: A chronic condition that affects the way the body processes blood sugar (glucose).
  • Prediabetes: A condition in which blood sugar is high, but not high enough to be type 2 diabetes.
  • Gestational Diabetes: A form of high blood sugar affecting pregnant women.

Signs and Symptoms

  • Type I: Increased thirst, frequent urination, unintended weight-loss, extreme hunger, fatigue and weakness
  • Type II: Slow healing of wounds, extreme tiredness, blurry vision, dark patches on skin, tingling or numbness in hands and feet
  • Prediabetes: Increased thirst, fatigue, blurred vision, frequent urination
  • Gestational Diabetes: frequent urination, sugar in urine, nausea, unusual thirst, fatigue

Diagnostic Criteria for Prediabetes and Diabetes Mellitus